Since the first cases of COVID-19 were detected in Wuhan, China, one year ago, we have continued to learn more about it. One of the first things that health experts realized about the mysterious virus, is that specific groups of people are prone to more serious infections — and even death — than others. One of those groups that tend to fare worse are men. Now, new research shows that they may be three times as likely to be hospitalized when infected with COVID-19 than women. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these Sure Signs You’ve Already Had Coronavirus.
Men Have Almost 3x the Odds of Hospitalization
The new study conducted by researchers from the University College London and South Africa’s University of Cape Town and published in Nature Communications, analyzed over 3,000,000 cases of COVID-19 worldwide from 46 countries and 44 states in the U.S. They found that while both men and women are equally prone to infection, men were nearly 1.4 times as likely to die with “almost three times the odds” of needing to be admitted to an intensive care unit.
In total, the study accounted for over 200,000 COVID-19 deaths — 120,000 of which were men and just 91,000 women. Of the 12,000 ICU admission, 8,000 were men and just 4,000 women.
“Men and women have differences in almost all arms of the immune system. These range from the early immune responses to viral infection, to T cell responses, B cell responses and immune memory,” study author Dr. Kate Webb, a consultant pediatric rheumatologist at the University of Cape Town and The Francis Crick Institute in London, told CNN.
“There are many potential reasons for these differences in immunity: hormones have immunological effects and women have two X chromosomes compared to one in men. X chromosomes are packed full of genes which code for immunity.”
Sex is an “under-appreciated in scientific research, ranging from basic laboratory to bedside clinical research,” she added. “Including females in basic laboratory research introduces variation that would not exist if only male cell or animal models were used, so they were usually excluded. Sex-based differences are often missed even in the earliest laboratory research.”
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How to Stay About of the Hospital
Whether you’re male or female, the nation’s top infectious disease expert Dr. Anthony Fauci strongly recommends to wear your face mask and avoid crowds, social distance, only run essential errands, wash your hands frequently, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don’t miss these 35 Places You’re Most Likely to Catch COVID.